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A 68 minute documentary by intersex advocate, Mani Bruce Mitchell, including interviews with numerous adults with intersex conditions discussing medical interventions, stigma, and how they live their lives.

XXXY is a 13 minute documentary (2000) which includes interviews with two adults with intersex conditions. An abbreviated (11 min) version is also available.

This video from BuzzFeed (March 2015) gives a quick, light-hearted 3:25 min introduction to intersex conditions, with interview excerpts of 4 young adults with intersex conditions.

The OII Australia Employer's Guide to Intersex Inclusion is a 52 page guide. While based on the Australian legal context, the guide provides a useful primer for any work situation.

Emi Koyama at Intersex Initiative answers this important question

A helpful chart from AIS Support Group Australia

Important international organization, by intersex people, for intersex people

A quick Intersex 101 brochure from Lisa Jacobs at the Transcending Boundaries Conference.

From the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section on the old Intersex Society of North America (ISNA) website

Teaching Intersex Issues (kit) by Intersex Society of North America is designed for undergraduate classes and offers instructors a two-week unit on intersex issues in a format that can easily be added to existing syllabi, expanded to constitute an entire course, or trimmed down to a few class sessions.


Key Points

There are quite a few medical conditions which involve atypical physical characteristics, such as chromosomes, genitalia, hormones, or other secondary sex characteristics, etc. Some people with intersex conditions identify as transgender, but most do not. The only consistent similarity among this broad set of conditions is the way in which they are considered "abnormal" by society.

Going Deeper: Beyond Babies

There is a growing awareness of non-consensual surgical procedures imposed on babies and young children. However, those concerns are just one part of the range of issues faced by people with intersex conditions.

Not all intersex people have ambiguous genitalia. Many intersex conditions are not even diagnosed until puberty or later. Most of the difficulty experienced by intersex persons is brought upon them by external stigma (medical and social), not internal conflicts.

More: Myths and Realities

Intersex vs DSD

The phrase "Difference of Sexual Development (DSD)" or "Disorder of Sexual Development (DSD)" is a relatively recent clinical term used to describe intersex conditions in the medical community.

Intersex refers to the same set of conditions, but is more comfortable for many people. There are more than 50 specific diagnoses which are included under the term Intersex (or DSD).

Historically, "hermaphrodite" has also been used. While "hermaphrodite" is now considered both imprecise and out-dated, you will sometimes find people with intersex conditions who do claim it as a term of empowerment.

More: Terminology

Intersex = Transgender?

A significant minority of people with intersex conditions identify as transgender or as part of the "LGBT" community. But most do not.

There is sometimes a lot of confusion about the similarities and differences between intersex experiences and transgender experiences.

More: Intersex and Trans

They are not the same thing.

If you are doing transgender education, you have an important opportunity to raise awareness and cut through confusion over intersex conditions. We hope that the additional pages of this section on intersex conditions will help you be better prepared for the task.

Trans Basics
Gender vs. Sexuality
Beyond the Binary
Myths and Realities
Types of Intersex
Intersex and Trans
Intersex Voices
Labels and Vocabulary
Myths and Sterotypes
Children and Youth
Is it an Illness?